Saturday, May 23, 2020

The History Of Accounting - 811 Words

Today, Im gonna cover, its a reader question that Ive had submitted right here, but I want to talk about it in a different context than how it reads. So, Im gonna start off with saying this. Doing the right thing, or what you perceived to be the right thing about your unaffordable debt doesnt necessarily get you the results that youre thinking. How does that add up? All right, so, I want to get in to the reader question and Im gonna answer very distinctly and directly to start with. And then youll understand a little bit better as to how this woman has set herself up to not accomplish her credit reporting goals. Here we go. Were up to date, but drowning in debt. Then I lost my job. At bankruptcy attorneys advice, I stopped†¦show more content†¦In other words, youre asking will AMEX, Bank of America, and Capital One and these creditors remove that because you continued to pay them, absolutely not. You have to try and catch those kind of situations before they charge-off the account. Then there is something called re-aging, where they bring your account current, even though you didnt pay six months of arrears or five months of arrears or three months of arrears. You just start making payments again and as long as you make a few in a row on time, theyll re-date your account on your credit report so that it doesnt appear as if its in delinquent. Its being not delinquent in perpetuity. Once the charge-off occurs, its not going to be undone. They cant undo it. So, with that credit damage and your goal of trying to bounce back financially, I typically find that the best, and this is kind of counter intuitive, the best way to do that or accelerate that is to settle your debt with your creditors for less than you owe. Making it so that you can get out of debt quicker. Quicker than you could have in a Chapter 13. Quicker than you could have now making the payments. And that way, you bring your accounts to a zero balance owed. The negatives arent going to get any more negative because you settled. All that damage was done when you allowed them to charge-off. So, focusing on what you can do in the near term one, two, three years whileShow MoreRelatedHistory of Accounting in Nigeria725 Words   |  3 PagesHistory of Accounting in Nigeria The institutionalization of Accounting started in Britain, from where Accounting was imported to Nigeria. During the preindependence period, in Nigeria, especially before the establishment of the Collages of Arts and Sciences (particularly the one in Ibadan), people who wanted to enroll into accounting profession had to be trained through article ship. This meant that, they had to be attached as apprentices to those in the profession already. When the College ofRead More History Of Accounting Essays1196 Words   |  5 Pagesbefore. The author was a Franciscan monk. The chapter on practical mathematics addressed mathematics in business. He said that the successful merchant needs three things: sufficient cash or credit, an accounting system that can tell him how he ¡Ã‚ ¯s doing, and good bookkeeper to operate it. His accounting system consisted of journals and ledgers. It rested on the invention of double-entry bookkeeping. Debits were on the left side because that ¡Ã‚ ¯s what  ¡Ã‚ °debit ¡Ã‚ ± meant,  ¡Ã‚ °the left ¡Ã‚ ±. The numbers on the rightRead MoreHistory and Development of Accounting2085 Words   |  9 PagesAccounting is defined by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) as the art of recording, classifying, and summarizing in a significant manner and in terms of money, transactions and events which are, in part at least, of financial character, and interpreting the results thereof. Accounting is thousands of years old; the earliest accounting records, which date back more than 7,000 years, were found in Mesopotamia (Assyrians). The people of that time relied on primitive accountingRead More History of Accounting Essay3089 Words   |  13 PagesHistory of Accounting The history of accounting I feel is important in the learning, understanding, and developing of my foundation for my accounting career. In this report you will learn about the development of accounting. You will learn about the people who influenced accounting the most throughout the years. You will learn how accounting came about and how it was used in the ancient times. You will learn about the invention of the double-entry bookkeeping processes. You will learnRead MoreEssay on The History of Accounting1013 Words   |  5 Pages The origin of accounting primarily consists of the establishment of human society and commerce. The idea of accounting is an old practice that has been dated since the Mesopotamia era. During this era, trade between tribes around Mesopotamia required records to be kept on stone and clay tablets. This took place at least 3600BC, where in those times, the ‘scribes’ who possessed a knowledge of writing also served as bookkeepers. Overall, accounting has made significant contributions over the pastRead MoreEnron : Questionable Accounting History1364 Words   |  6 PagesEnron: Questionable Accounting Leads to Collapse Enron, a provider of natural gas, electricity, and communications began when two large gas pipeline companies merged together in 1985. CEO Jeffrey Skilling, CFO Andrew Fastow, and Chairman Ken Lay worked diligently throughout the 1990s to build the company to be the largest most successful of its time. Having its name in Wall Street was becoming a norm for the company as it grew beyond all hopes and expectations. The company had become unstoppableRead MoreHistory Of Accounting And Private Sector1534 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Since the early 1980s public sector accounting and private sector accounting have experienced significant transformation such as decentralization, deregulation and the differences between thee two sectors are highly topical and political in many countries (Blondal 2003). The key transformation is the adoption of ‘accrual basis’ of accounting rather than ‘cash basis’ accounting by increasing number of countries (Guthrie and Ryan 1998). Meanwhile, public sectors refer specifically to organizationsRead More The History and Role of Accounting in Business Essays1533 Words   |  7 PagesAccounting can be defined in a number of ways, but I chose the book definition, which is; Accounting is an information system that provides reports to stakeholders about the economic activities and condition of business. The person in charge of accounting is called the accountant. The accountant is typically required to follow a set of rules and regulations. These rules and regul ations are called the General Accepted Accounting Principles. Throughout these next few paragraphs, I will be giving youRead MoreHistory and Development of Accounting Standards Essay2637 Words   |  11 PagesAccounting has been around since the beginning of civilization.  ¡Ã‚ §Accountants participated in the development of cities, trade, and the concepts of wealth and numbers. ¡Ã‚ ¨ (Giroux) The importance of accounting cannot be overemphasized. Equally important are the standards used to guild the application of accounting practice. Without principles and standards, financial reporting would not fairly present the financial position of a company. Accounting has changed and evolved vastly over time and continuesRead MoreHistory Of Scientific Management And Its Impact On Managerial Accounting Essay1825 Words   |  8 PagesHISTORY OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT The primary goal for the managers within an organization should be to best utilize resources contributed by the shareholders of the organization to create and grow profits and revenues. In addition, the primary goal for an employee should be to earn the highest pay possible at his or her job level, while developing skills to maximize his or her efficiency. These two goals, along with other factors, are critical considerations in the long-term success of an organization

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Learning Analytics Is An Educational Application Of Big Data

Learning Analytics Learning analytics is an educational application of â€Å"big data,† a branch of statistical analysis. Learning analytics first appeared in the Horizon Reports in 2011 and although there are differences in the time-to-adopt the reports agree that high levels of adoption will be from now to 2016 (Johnson et al. 2011, p. 1) (Johnson et al. 2012, p. 3) (Johnson et al. 2013, p. 5) (Johnson et al. 2014, p. 38). Learning analytics has the ability to transform education from a standard one–size–fits–all delivery system into a responsive and flexible structure, able to meet students’ academic needs and interests. Adaptive software carefully fine-tunes the course content to keep learners motivated and engaged (Johnson et al. 2014, p. 38). Education–related data on a large scale could provide policymakers and administrators with an indication of local, regional, and national education performance and measure a program’s effectiveness and possible improvements (Johnson et al. 2014, p. 40). Combining learning analytics with student devices that will capture data in real time about how, when, and in what context the devices are used, will construct a dataset can be deeply analysed to gauge student learning (Johnson et al. 2014, p. 40). Why is Learning Analytics important now? Education is embarking on a similar pursuit into new ways to improve student engagement by provide a high-quality, personalized, authentic experience for learners. There are already large amounts ofShow MoreRelatedTechnology And Its Impact On The Classroom And The Individual Learner And Pay Essay1272 Words   |  6 PagesAdditionally, Januszewski and Molenda (2008) who suggested the gold-standard definition of educational technology, stated that the focus of EdTech research is now on the â€Å"appropriate application of processes and technologies† (p. 2) to enhance learning. Two things can be inferred from this statement: 1) the question is how to use technology, rather than what technology to use; and 2) the focus is to enhance learning. To find answer to this question, EdTech researchers need to look beyond the classroomRead MoreEssay On Big Data930 Words   |  4 PagesBig data refers to a large volume, velocity and variety of data generated from different types of sources. This data is streamed from sensors and smart devices in real time. It also includes traditional data pertaining to citizens. A smart city utilizes IoT sensors, a ctuators and technology to connect components across the city. Data gathered from various segments is analyzed and patterns are derived from the collected data which helps in decision making. Big data analytics is the use of advancedRead MoreDevelopment Of Business Analytics Curriculum4659 Words   |  19 PagesDevelopment of Business Analytics Curricula - A Research Paper Apoorva Mathur Department of Operations Management Information Systems, College of Business, Northern Illinois University Dekalb, IL 60115 USA Abstract The world is changing around us rapidly. In today’s marketplace, the main focus of any organization is to keep up the impact of effect of quick changes, monetary movements, expanding asset shortage, urbanization, aggressive competitors and innovation leap forward. They depend on theRead MoreTeaching Questions On Classroom Practice1803 Words   |  8 Pagesreport that large assessment data were not aligned adequately with the daily instructions to be specifically helpful in informing classroom practice. However, in other reports, teachers said that this information obtained through systematic review of results of students’ performance was very useful. These variations in the conceptions of teachers concerning data could be explained, partly, by variations between educational contexts. Therefore, use and selection of relevant data must be put into considerationRead MoreIs Hadoop A Great Data Storage Choice And Hadoop Distributed File System?1769 Words   |  8 Pages Ha doop is a great data storage choice and Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) or Hive is often used to store transactional data in its raw state. The map-reduce processing supported by these Hadoop frameworks can deliver great performance, but it does not support the same specialized query optimization that mature relational database technologies do. Improving query performance, at this time, requires acquiring query accelerators or writing code. Every company who chose to use Hadoop needs toRead MoreFeatures Of Core Competencies : Global Business1340 Words   |  6 PagesPrints Road Maps, Global PM Delivery: Agile, DevOps, Six Sigma, Global Large Complex Teams, Java: J2EE, Frameworks Middleware, Microsoft: Azure, Machine Learning, ââ€" NET, WebAPI, BizTalk, Data: Relational, Big Data, AI ML, Web: JavaScript, PHP, Ruby, Rails Web Services, Enterprise: WebSphere, Fusion, and WSO2, and Other: CDN, Analytics, Modeling, Simulation, Animation and VR Professional Experience KDAD TECHNOLOGIES Many roles over 14 years such as CTO, VP PMO, CCO, Enterprise Architect,Read MoreGraduation Speech : Education From An Ordinary Institute1344 Words   |  6 Pagesshould be curious towards learning new things. Curiosity is the first and the foremost quality which drives a person towards learning new things. From my childhood one of my qualities which drove me to this placeis my robust zeal which I have possessed right from childhood. My interest, passion, dedication in every piece of work I do, enabled me to acquire significant knowledge on various aspects of nature and technology, as well as leading me through a successful educational career. With my eyes clearlyRead MoreChallenges Of Video Interviewing Software917 Words   |  4 Pagesdiscovery of right talent Watch, schedule and conduct video interview online ââ€" ª Eliminating unproductive steps in a recruitment process ââ€" ª Significant saving in time and cost ââ€" ª Allow recruiter and candidate to engage directly in a more maningful way Data Analytics tools ââ€" ª Real time status updates for candidates ââ€" ª Enables recruiters to track significant performance matrix Why 30 seconds? o Enabling talentRead MoreImplementing A Strategy Action Oriented1021 Words   |  5 Pagesexternal revenue stream (international markets) and increase domestic revenues Customer Program 1. Community involvement to reach the every day consumer. a. Over $200 million in contributions from GE businesses b. Support and donate to community and educational programs 2. Instilling strong brand exposure and understanding. a. Repositioning the GE brand: re-found focus on industrial segments b. Reach and expand to new markets; continue business in slow growth markets 3. Continue to increase and expandRead MoreA Personal Research Paper On Sas Advanced Analytics Essay1821 Words   |  8 PagesAdvanced Analytics Fact and data based decision making is a crucial element for success in today’s ultra-competitive business world. Many companies employ a multitude of analysts and statisticians to gather, organize and evaluate the mounds of data collected through various information systems. Late into the twentieth century companies finally halted the ancient ritual of storing data in basement file cabinets and began to rely on information technology systems to store enormous amounts of data on computer

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Sasmsung Poter 5 Forces Free Essays

CHM1022 Lab Report 1 Rate Law of an Iodine Clock Reaction Name: Sashini Naomi Wijesekera Student ID: 23877847 Lab Partner: Zahiya Imam Lab Session: Monday 9. 00am Aim The aim of the experiment is to determine the factors that affect the rate of a reaction, by performing the iodine clock reaction and repeating it changing different initial conditions in order to measure and compare the rate of reaction for each experiment and experimentally determine the rate law. Method Refer CHM1022 Laboratory Manual, Semester 1 2013. We will write a custom essay sample on Sasmsung Poter 5 Forces or any similar topic only for you Order Now Results and Calculations- Part A- Calculations of rate for one set of conditions 1. n(S2O32-)=CV =0. 0025M*(10/1000)L =2. 50*10-5mol Molar ratio of I2 : S2O32- = 1 : 2 n(I2)=0. 5*n(S2O32-) =0. 5*(2. 50*10-5mol) =1. 25*10-5mol Mean time taken for blue colour to appear = (131sec+135sec+145sec)/3 =137seconds Rate of reaction=n(I2)/t =(1. 25*10-5mol/137sec) =9. 12*10-8mols-1 [H2O2]: C1V1=C2V2 0. 8*1=C2*99 C2=8. 8*10-3M [I-]: C1V1= C2V2 0. 025*10=C2*99 C2=2. 53*10-3M [H30+]: C1V1= C2V2 0. 36*35=C2*99 C2=0. 127M [S2O32-]: C1V1= C2V2 0. 0025*10=C2*99 C2=2. 53*10-4M Part B-Results and calculations B4 (i) n(S2O32-) = 0. 0025*(5/1000) = 1. 25*10-5mol Molar ratio of I2 : S2O32-=1: 2 n(I2)=0. 5*n(S2O32-) n(I2)= 0. 5*(1. 25*10-5) =6. 25*10-6mol B4 (ii) n(S2O32-)= 0. 0025*(20/1000) = 5*10-5mol Molar ratio ofI2: S2O32-=1:2 n(I2)=0. 5*n(S2O32-) n(I2)=0. 5*(5. 0*10-5) =2. 5*10-5mol Part B-Results and calculations | | | | | | |Time/s |n(I2)/mol |Rate/mol s-1 |Concentration/M | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |1 |2 |3 |4 |5 |6 |Mean time/s | | | | |B1[H202] (i)higher (ii)lower | 66 | 63 | 61 | 67 | 69 | 60 | 64 | 1. 5*10-5 | (1. 25*10-5)/64=1. 95*10-7 |[H2O2]: C1V1= C2V2 0. 8*2=C2*99 C2=0. 016 | | | 249 | 287 | 242 | 262 | 252 | 260 | 259 | 1. 25*10-5 | (1. 25*10-5)/259=4. 83*10-8 |[H2O2]: C1V1= C2V2 0. 8*0. 5=C2*99 C2=4. 0*10-3 | |B2[I-] (i)higher (ii)lower | 78 | — | 78 | 87 | — | — | 81 | 1. 25*10-5 | (1. 25*10-5)/81=1. 54*10-7 |[I2]: C1V1= C2V2 0. 025*20=C2*99 C2=5. 1*10-3 | | | — | 252 | 288 | 261 | — | — | 267 | 1. 25*10-5 | (1. 25*10-5)/267=4. 68*10-8 |[I2]: C1V1= C2V2 0. 025*5=C2*99 C2=1. 26*10-3 | |B3[H30+] (i)higher (ii)lower | 91 | — | 92 | 94 | — | — | 92 | 1. 25*10-5 | (1. 25*10-5)/92=1. 36*10-7 |[H30+]: C1V1= C2V2 0. 36*70=C2*99 C2=0. 55 | | | 206 | 226 | 221 | 207 | — | — | 215 | 1. 25*10-5 | (1. 25*10-5)/215=5. 81*10-8 |[H30+]: C1V1= C2V2 0. 36*17. 5=C2*99 C2=0. 064 | |B4[S2032-] (i)lower (ii)higher | 61 | 67 | 71 | 69 | — | — | 67 | 6. 25*10-6 | (6. 25*10-6)/67=9. 33*10-8 |[S2032-]: C1V1= C2V2 0. 0025*5. 0=C2*99 C2=1. 26*10-4 | | | 230 | 245 | — | 244 | — | — | 240 | 2. 5*10-5 | (2. 5*10-5)/240=1. 04*10-7 |[S2032-]: C1V1= C2V2 0. 0025*20=C2*99 C2=5. 05*10-4 | |B5(Temp) (i)warmer (ii)colder | 65 | 60 | 58 | — | — | — | 61 | 1. 25*10-5 | (1. 25*10-5)/61=2. 05*10-7 | T=450C | | | — | 288 | 310 | 303 | — | — | 300 | 1. 25*10-5 | (1. 25*10-5)/300=4. 17*10-8 | T=150C | | How to cite Sasmsung Poter 5 Forces, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Reflective Practice in Nursing for Aboriginal -myassignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about theReflective Practice in Nursing for Aboriginal Patient. Answer: Carperss fundamental ways of knowing is a systematic process which is helpful in classifying the different sources form which proefessionals can derive knowledge and belifes in professional practice (Carnago and Mast 2015 pp 389). The utility of it can be shown with the help of an event and then sequentially describing the knowledge accordingly. Event description: An aboriginal patient was admitted to the ward by his son and daughter in law where they told that their father is facing severe issues with the pain of osteoarthritis and increased body weight. He had been sleepless the entire night due to the pain and he was found to be very weak. He had been mostly unresponsive to the various questions asked to him and was not willing to cooperate with the nurses who were trying to ease him of the pain. The family members told that he was humiliated as the nurses on duty in the previous hospitals did not maintain his dignity and pressurized their intervention on them. When he wanted to inquire about the intervention, they insulted him saying he was illiterate and a backward class and that he would have no idea even if they discuss their decisions with them. His fear for such humiliation had prevented him to visit other hospitals as well as and hence the situations with his osteoarthritis had become so worse. He was not responding to any questions asked and he was also not cooperating with the treatment interventions given. His self-respect was overpowering his will to live and this created a challenge for the nurses on duty including me. Carpers way of knowing: Empirics: One can gain empirical knowledge form research as well as objective facts. The knowledge usually remains systematically organized in a number of different general laws and also in theories (de Olivera and Toledo 2017 pp 33). The best ways by which empirical knowledge is gained is by the evidence based practices. While I faced the issue with the patient, I tried to search for articles that would help to match up with the case I was handling. The articles that I came across helped me to develop an idea that in such cases, becoming aggressive with the patients or forcing him to take interventions would have negative effects. Instead, developing a therapeutic relationship with him full of compassion and empathy may help him to develop trust on the nursing professionals (Nielson et al. 2014 pp 95). Making him feel important by sharing with him the interventions applied on him and also involving him in decision making was suggested by the researchers who conducted qualitative studies on pa tients with similar symptoms (Hole et al. 2017 pp 1668). Therefore this ways, evidence based practice helped me to develop an idea about how to approach with the task assigned to me and helped me to act as a responsible professional. From this kind of knowing, I learnt that I would use person centered care, value the patients decision making skills, discuss the treatment plan with him and concentrate on developing a therapeutic relationships with him. However, I faced various issues while conducting this procedure as I was not rightly using the correct search terms and therefore it took me a large amount o time to find correct evidences. Hence, is should develop my skill in searching engines for evidence based practices. Esthetics: It mainly refers to the form of nursing where the profession is considered to be an art. Proper knowing of different aspects of the profession with the correct understanding of phenomena is the main central part of this type of knowing (Garrett and Cutting 2015 pp 99). It mainly focuses on the new perspectives that individuals develop when they uncover something new through their interventions and practices while treating for patients. I was previously a follower of routine method of caring where I used to communicate very less with the patients but however never ill treated patients. As a result my introvert behavior offended many patients and they could not open themselves with me. However, with the seriousness of the mentioned patient, I tried to change my working style and with the help of the advices of my mentor nurses, I learnt to strike a right kind of conversation with the patient. I gradually came to understand how developing a therapeutic relationship helped not only me to apply my interventions easily but also helped the patient t get over his insecurities and find a friend and companion in me (Ray 2016 pp 455-460). I gradually noticed that developing a therapeutic relationship with the patient helped the patient to recover faster (Jacob et al. 2016 pp 319). Whereas the empirics helped me to learn about some strategies from evidence based knowledge, esthetics helped me to develop idea form my own experiences. Personal: Personal knowing refers to the knowledge one his about himself or her and also about anything that he or she has experienced or seen. This type of knowledge usually comes through the process of observation, self reflection and self actualization (Robert, Tilley and Peterson 2014 pp 351). It is through this knowledge which when gained by the professional help them to establish the authentic, therapeutic relationships as these attributes help the professional to attain integrity and wholeness. On a personal, level, I had very few experiences as I was a new comer and I needed more time to observe, learn and establish new interventions strategies to handle these situations I could not gain any help from my personal knowledge learning procedure as is was not experienced enough to dvelop personal learning form situations. Ethical: Ethical knowledge helps one develop an idea about his or her moral code along with the sense of knowing what is right and wrong. For a nursing professional, personal ethics are based on the duty to protect and respect human lives (Carnago and Mast 2015 pp: 387). A nurse should always follow the Codes of ethics given forward by the NMBA in order to provide quality care to patients and prevent from getting involved in any legal obligations. Codes of ethics advise us to follow that we should never discriminate any patients based on race, ethnicity, religion, culture and classes. Following the ethics, it becomes duty to maintain cultural competency and to provide the best treatment to the patient according to the norms of the culture practiced by them. Here I learnt that we should never force our decisions on them and should never perform anything that affects their cultural sentiments (Josif et al. 2017 pp 93). I noticed that the person was mostly affected because the previous nurses di d not important to their cultural norms. The patient declared that the nurse had talked with him by directly looking into his eyes which is a symptom of disrespect for them. Moreover, he previous nurse showed cultural biasness when he said that aboriginals are illiterate and they have no proper ways of maintaining health. This is absolutely a violation of the principle of justice where the responsively of a nurse is provide the best quality acre to the patient irrespective of caste, creed and religion (Freeman et al. 2014, pp: 358). The previous nurse had also not maintained his dignity and autonomy of the patient giving him no scope to take decisions for himself. Hence, I as a nurse, would try to be culturally competent and never discriminate between my patients. This results in mental and emotional turmoil in patients which might affect his health. Hence, I came to know that following the codes of ethics and maintaining the principle of autonomy, justice, beneficence and non-, mal eficence are extremely important for providing an ethically safe treatment procedures. Conclusion: The Carpers system of knowing helps to provide us a systematic process of reflecting on the procedure of the development of knowledge. Empirically, I used a large number of evidence based journals which showed that person centered care can help in the present situation where an aboriginal patient should be treated in a culturally competent environment, allowing him to participate in decision making. Esthetically, I learned how to be more compassionate and empathetic towards my patent and develop a successful relationship with him unlike the routine care of patients that I used to carry on for all patients. I believe with the passage of time, I would develop personal knowledge to cope such strenuous situations. However, ethically, I learnt that how not being compliant with the ethics and not following the principles of justice, autonomy, beneficence and non maleficence may have negative effects on the patients. If a similar situation arise again in front of me, I would recommend prope r reading of journal based articles, develop aesthetic sense and aligning more with the code of ethics and following the principles of nursing would help anyone who overcomes the situation. I would also recommend that I should also perform proper reflective skills and self actualization and closely observe every experience to become expert in the profession. References: Cameron, B.L., Plazas, M.D.P.C., Salas, A.S., Bearskin, R.L.B. and Hungler, K., 2014. Understanding inequalities in access to health care services for Aboriginal people: a call for nursing action.Advances in Nursing Science,37(3), pp.E1-E16. Carnago, L. and Mast, M., 2015. Using ways of knowing to guide emergency nursing practice.Journal of Emergency Nursing,41(5), pp.387-390. de Olivera, A. and Toledo, V.P., 2017. Nursing care in first-episode psychotic patients: a qualitative study. In5 Congresso Global de Investigao Qualitativa em Sade. Investigao Qualitativa em(Vol. 10, No. 2, p. 33). Freeman, T., Edwards, T., Baum, F., Lawless, A., Jolley, G., Javanparast, S. and Francis, T., 2014. Cultural respect strategies in Australian Aboriginal primary health care services: beyond education and training of practitioners.Australian and New Zealand journal of public health,38(4), pp.355-361. Garrett, B.M. and Cutting, R.L., 2015. Ways of knowing: realism, non?realism, nominalism and a typology revisited with a counter perspective for nursing science.Nursing inquiry,22(2), pp.95-105. Hole, R.D., Evans, M., Berg, L.D., Bottorff, J.L., Dingwall, C., Alexis, C., Nyberg, J. and Smith, M.L., 2015. Visibility and voice: Aboriginal people experience culturally safe and unsafe health care.Qualitative health research,25(12), pp.1662-1674. Holland, K., 2017.Cultural awareness in nursing and health care: an introductory text. CRC Press. Jacob, E., Raymond, A., Jones, J., Jacob, A., Drysdale, M. and Isaacs, A.N., 2016. Exploration of nursing degree students content expectations of a dedicated Indigenous health unit.Collegian,23(3), pp.313-319. Josif, C.M., Kruske, S., Kildea, S.V. and Barclay, L.M., 2017. The quality of health services provided to remote dwelling aboriginal infants in the top end of northern Australia following health system changes: a qualitative analysis.BMC pediatrics,17(1), p.93. Nielsen, A.M., Alice Stuart, L. and Gorman, D., 2014. Confronting the cultural challenge of the whiteness of nursing: Aboriginal registered nurses perspectives.Contemporary nurse,48(2), pp.190-196. Ray, M.A., 2016.Transcultural caring dynamics in nursing and health care. FA Davis. Robert, R.R., Tilley, D.S. and Petersen, S., 2014. A power in clinical nursing practice: concept analysis on nursing intuition.Medsurg Nursing,23(5), pp.343-350.

Friday, March 6, 2020

High Performance Timer in Delphi - TStopWatch

High Performance Timer in Delphi - TStopWatch For routine desktop database applications, adding a single second to a tasks execution time rarely makes a difference to end users - but when you need to process millions of tree leaves or generate billions of unique random numbers, speed-of-execution becomes more important. Timing Out Your Code In some applications, very accurate, high-precision time measurement methods are important and luckily Delphi provides a high-performance counter to qualify  these times. Using RTLs Now  Function One option uses the Now function. Now, defined in the SysUtils unit, returns the current system date and time. A few lines of code measure elapsed time between the start and stop of some process: var   Ã‚  start, stop, elapsed : TDateTime;​ begin   Ã‚  start : Now;   Ã‚  //TimeOutThis();   Ã‚  stop : Now;   Ã‚  elapsed : stop - start; end; The Now function returns the current system date and time that is accurate up to 10 milliseconds (Windows NT and later) or 55 milliseconds (Windows 98). For very small intervals the precision of Now is sometimes not enough. Using Windows API GetTickCount For even more precise data, use the GetTickCount Windows API function. GetTickCount retrieves the number of milliseconds that have elapsed since the system was started, but the function only has the precision of 1 ms and may not always be accurate if the computer remains powered-up for long periods of time. The elapsed time is stored as a DWORD (32-bit) value. Therefore, the time will wrap around to zero if Windows is run continuously for 49.7 days. var   Ã‚  start, stop, elapsed : cardinal; begin   Ã‚  start : GetTickCount;   Ã‚  //TimeOutThis();   Ã‚  stop : GetTickCount;   Ã‚  elapsed : stop - start; //millisecondsend; GetTickCount is also limited to the accuracy of the system timer (10 / 55 ms). High Precision Timing Out Your Code If your PC supports a high-resolution performance counter, use the QueryPerformanceFrequency Windows API function to express the frequency, in counts per second. The value of the count is processor dependent. The QueryPerformanceCounter function retrieves the current value of the high-resolution performance counter. By calling this function at the beginning and end of a section of code, an application uses the counter as a high-resolution timer. The accuracy of high-resolution timers is around a few hundred nanoseconds. A nanosecond is a unit of time representing 0.000000001 seconds or 1 billionth of a second. TStopWatch: Delphi Implementation of a High-Resolution Counter With a nod to .Net naming conventions, a counter like TStopWatch offers a high-resolution Delphi solution for precise time measurements. TStopWatch measures elapsed time by counting timer ticks in the underlying timer mechanism. The IsHighResolution property indicates whether the timer is based on a high-resolution performance counter.The Start method starts measuring elapsed time.The Stop method stops measuring elapsed time.The ElapsedMilliseconds property gets the total elapsed time in milliseconds.The Elapsed property gets the total elapsed time in timer ticks. unit StopWatch;interface uses Windows, SysUtils, DateUtils;type TStopWatch class   Ã‚  private   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  fFrequency : TLargeInteger;   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  fIsRunning: boolean;   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  fIsHighResolution: boolean;   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  fStartCount, fStopCount : TLargeInteger;   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  procedure SetTickStamp(var lInt : TLargeInteger) ;  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  function GetElapsedTicks: TLargeInteger;  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  function GetElapsedMilliseconds: TLargeInteger;  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  function GetElapsed: string;  Ã‚  public   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  constructor Create(const startOnCreate : boolean false) ;  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  procedure Start;  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  procedure Stop;  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  property IsHighResolution : boolean read fIsHighResolution;  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  property ElapsedTicks : TLargeInteger read GetElapsedTicks;  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  property ElapsedMilliseconds : TLargeInteger read GetElapsedMilliseconds;  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  property Elapsed : string read GetElapsed;  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  property IsRunning : b oolean read fIsRunning;  Ã‚  end;implementation constructor TStopWatch.Create(const startOnCreate : boolean false) ;begin   Ã‚  inherited Create;   Ã‚  fIsRunning : false;   Ã‚  fIsHighResolution : QueryPerformanceFrequency(fFrequency) ;   Ã‚  if NOT fIsHighResolution then fFrequency : MSecsPerSec;  Ã‚  if startOnCreate then Start;end;function TStopWatch.GetElapsedTicks: TLargeInteger;begin   Ã‚  result : fStopCount - fStartCount; end;procedure TStopWatch.SetTickStamp(var lInt : TLargeInteger) ;begin   Ã‚  if fIsHighResolution then   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  QueryPerformanceCounter(lInt)   Ã‚  else   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  lInt : MilliSecondOf(Now) ; end;function TStopWatch.GetElapsed: string;var   Ã‚  dt : TDateTime; begin   Ã‚  dt : ElapsedMilliseconds / MSecsPerSec / SecsPerDay;   Ã‚  result : Format(%d days, %s, [trunc(dt), FormatDateTime(hh:nn:ss.z, Frac(dt))]) ; end;function TStopWatch.GetElapsedMilliseconds: TLargeInteger;begin   Ã‚  result : (MSecsPerSec * (fStopCount - fStartCount)) div fFrequency; end;procedure TStopWatch.Start;begin   Ã‚  SetTickStamp(fStartCount) ;   Ã‚  fIsRunning : true; end;procedure TStopWatch.Stop;begin   Ã‚  SetTickStamp(fStopCount) ;   Ã‚  fIsRunning : false; end;end. Heres an example of usage: var   Ã‚  sw : TStopWatch;   Ã‚  elapsedMilliseconds : cardinal; begin   Ã‚  sw : TStopWatch.Create() ;   Ã‚  try   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  sw.Start;   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  //TimeOutThisFunction()   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  sw.Stop;   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  elapsedMilliseconds : sw.ElapsedMilliseconds;   Ã‚  finally   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  sw.Free;   Ã‚  end;end;

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Managing Email Security in Organizations Research Proposal

Managing Email Security in Organizations - Research Proposal Example The information security system helps to protect the integrity, confidentiality availability and credibility of the information being received and sent via the internet (Sehun, 2008). Spywares: these are programs that monitor keystrokes and other activities being performed by the computer and send the information to others without the consent of the computer user. Spywares also play adverts on the computers and are privacy invasive software. Trojans: these programs steal information from the infected computer and send it to a third party by pretending to perform a given task. They also alter the computer and the information and other programmable devices. Malware: this is a generalized term, used to describe software that maliciously damage the computer and other programmable devices as well as spying and sending information to another person without the consent of the user. Viruses: these programs are able to replicate themselves. They integrate themselves to the existing programs and files. By doing this, they hinder the information from the user and also corrupt the information. The ISO/IEC 2700 series consist of a set of information standards which were formulated and published by International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and The International Organization for Standards (ISO). The following standards are commonly used; ISO/IEC 27000; which contains information about the family of standards and contains the terminologies used ISO/IEC 27001; it contains the standards for the establishment, implementation, improvement and control of information security management. The are based on British standards, BS 7799 part 2, they published ISO/IEC 27002 ISO/IEC 27005; these standards are designed to aid in the implementation of information security system. They are based on the risk management methods. ISO/IEC 27006: these acts as guides to the process of certification and registration. ISO/IEC 27011: they contain the guidelines for the security management of information for the telecommunication industry. ISO 27001 provides information about standards used for Email security systems (ISO 27001). This information is contained in the fourth chapter of the standardization report. Other standards are being prepared. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2005) Problem statement Network insecurity problem is experienced in most corporations and organizations and